For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser.
Works Unknown Artist after John Robert Cozens

Windsor Castle, Viewed from the South West

1795 - 1800

Primary Image: TG1467: An Unknown Artist, after John Robert Cozens (1752–97), Windsor Castle, Viewed from the South West, 1795–1800, watercolour on paper, 29 × 42.2 cm, 11 ⅜ × 16 ⅝ in. Royal Collection Trust, Windsor (RCIN 914750).

Photo courtesy of Royal Collection Trust / © His Majesty King Charles III 2023 (All Rights Reserved)

Artist's source: John Robert Cozens (1752–97), Distant View of Windsor Castle, from the South West, watercolour on wove paper, 49.2 × 69.5 cm, 19 ⅜ × 27 ⅜ in. The Higgins, Bedford (P.295).

Photo courtesy of Bridgeman Images, The Higgins Art Gallery & Museum (All Rights Reserved)

Unknown Artist after John Robert Cozens (1752-1797)
  • Windsor Castle, Viewed from the South West
1795 - 1800
Medium and Support
Watercolour on paper
29 × 42.2 cm, 11 ⅜ × 16 ⅝ in
Object Type
Studio Watercolour; Work from a Known Source: Contemporary British
Subject Terms
Country House View; The Landscape Park; Windsor and Environs

Catalogue Number
Description Source(s)
Collection Website


Fred W. Henry; his sale, Christie’s, 23 March 1928, lot 11 as 'Windsor Castle from the Great Park' by Joseph Mallord William Turner; bought by 'Chichester', £58, for the Royal Collection; then by descent


Cundall, 1933, pp.148–50, as 'Windsor Castle from St Leonard's Hill', attributed to Joseph Mallord William Turner, but 'possibly by James Bourne'; Oppé, 1950, p.38 as 'Windsor Castle from Snow Hill ... A copy, conceivably by Girtin'

About this Work


This view of Windsor Castle, taken from the west looking across the Great Park, is a copy on a reduced scale of a watercolour by John Robert Cozens (1752–97), now in the collection of the Higgins Art Gallery, Bedford (see the source image above). The Cozens watercolour was also copied by Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775–1851) (see figure 1), and in fact, in terms of scale and details such as the herd of deer in the foreground, Turner’s is the closer of the two to the original. The watercolour copy, in the Royal Collection, was also once attributed to Turner. However, by the time of the publication of his catalogue of the British drawings at Windsor Castle, it was described by Paul Oppé (1878–1957) as ‘J. R. Cozens, After … conceivably by Girtin’, though that suggestion has since been dropped from the online catalogue (Oppé, 1950, p.38). If there is a link with Girtin, the copy would have to date, on stylistic grounds, from before the artist came into contact with the work of Cozens at the home of Dr Thomas Monro (1759–1833), in the years between 1794 and 1797. However, the connection with Girtin amounts to little more than a superficially similar economy of means, which comes over in this watercolour copy as vacuous and spatially unconvincing – with, for example, the vegetation in the foreground and beyond failing to resolve itself in any meaningful way. Whilst it might be possible to reconcile some of the crudely simplified forms of the vegetation with the work of the young apprentice Girtin of around 1791–92 and works such as Eton College, from the River (TG0013), it is difficult, if not impossible, to see how he might have gained access to a Cozens watercolour at this date. I suspect, therefore, that the watercolour is a copy by an unknown amateur artist of the mid-1790s, perhaps even of the Turner copy, and that the slight stylistic parallels with Girtin’s earliest manner are fortuitous.

No doubt one of the reasons this work has been associated with Girtin in the past is because of the similarity of the view with another Windsor watercolour, Windsor Park and Castle, from Snow Hill (TG0907). Unlike this work, the later and smaller watercolour, which appears to form a pair with another view of the castle, from the south west (TG1369), has a claim to having been made from a sketch that Girtin himself made on the spot.


Eton College, from the River


1797 - 1798

Windsor Park and Castle, from Snow Hill


1797 - 1798

Windsor Castle and the Great Park, from the South West


by Greg Smith

Place depicted

Revisions & Feedback

The website will be updated from time to time and, when changes are made, a PDF of the previous version of each page will be archived here for consultation and citation.

Please help us to improve this catalogue

If you have information, a correction or any other suggestions to improve this catalogue, please contact us.